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History of Himachal

Himachal Pradesh ( हिमाचल प्रदेश) a Northern state of India which is bordered by Jammu and Kashmir on the North, Punjab on the west and South-West, Haryana and Uttarakhand on the South-East and by the Tibet autonomous region on the East. It has area about 21,495 sq mi (55,670 km2). In 1971, Himachal established and merged as the 18th state of the Republic of India. There are 12 districts in Himachal Pradesh named as Bilaspur, Chamba, Hamirpur, Kangra, Kinnaur, Kullu, Lahaul and Spiti, Mandi, Shimla, Sirmaur, Solan and Una. Shimla is the state capital of Himachal Pradesh.
Himachal means “Leap of Snow” which is taken from Sanskrit word by Acharya Diwakar Dutt Sharma one of the great Sanskrit scholars of Himachal Pradesh. In all over the South Asia Himachal Pradesh is one of the wealthiest states. The economy of the State Himachal Pradesh is mainly from three sources they are hydro electric power, tourism and agriculture and the hydro electricity is being sold to other states like Punjab, Rajasthan and Delhi.
Most of the people (about 90%) of Himachal live in villages and towns. Good thing about villages in Himachal is that they are 100% hygiene and there is even no single house without a toilet.
There are too many birds and animal species here in Himachal Pradesh; around 1200 bird species and 359 animal species, including the leopard, snow leopard (state animal), ghoral, musk deer and Western Tragopan has been found here. It has 2 major national parks and various sanctuaries. The Great Himalayan National Park in Kullu district was created to conserve the flora and fauna of the main Himalayan range, while the Pin Valley National Park to conserve the flora and fauna of the cold desert.
Although Himachal is a hilly state, even then the state has three domestic airports one in Shimla (Shimla Airport), second in Kullu (Bhuntar Airport) and third one is in Kangra (Gaggal Airport) districts. The air routes connect the state with Delhi and Chandigarh. One the other hand, Himachal is famous for its narrow gauge railways tracks, one is UNESCO World Heritage Kalka-Shimla Railway and another one is Pathankot–Jogindernagar. Also it is standard gauge railway track which connect Amb (Una district) to Delhi.